Modeling, gilding

Modeling, gilding

Gilding is the process of applying a gold layer to the surface of articles, structures and architectural constructions, which positively affect the strength of products and give them an exquisite expensive look. 

Fire gilding is considered the most ancient techniques of gilding. In Russia, this method was called burnt gold. It was widely used in Russia since the IX century. Annealing method is burning saluted high-grade gold in mercury (amalgam) to complete evaporation of mercury. This technology was widely used in the architecture, the most famous samples are: gilt domes of St. Isaac’s Cathedral in St. Petersburg (1838-1841) and the spire of the bell tower of Peter and Paul cathedral in St. Petersburg were gilded fire way in 1735 and 1744.

Another use of fire gilding technique is icon painting on metal of the same name. One of the most famous monuments made in this technique is Golden Gate of Nativity Cathedral in Suzdal. The advantage of this method is high corrosion resistance. A disadvantage is high toxicity. Thus, while gilding domes of St. Isaac's Cathedral about 60 people died of mercury vapor poisoning.

The modern technology is usually based on the principle of electroplating which allows obtaining a superfine coating of gold. Sometimes gold leaf is used for gilding different surfaces. Gilding as a processing method is widespread in jewelry.

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